No matter how experienced or well protected you are, you have to be ready to embrace the unwanted reality of injuries, especially when you are playing a game like badminton that requires quick and sudden movements.
These injuries range from a simple pain in the back to a horrific crack in your leg followed by excruciating pain. In those conditions, you need to stay as calm as possible and take the basic medication until a professional arrives.
To do that you need to know what the common injuries are and what to do when it happens. So here, we have described ten most common injuries that can pause your badminton playing for a while.
- Jumpers Knee Or Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is the injury of the patella (knee) which is also known as Jumper’s knee. Your knee has four parts. Those are bones, cartilage, ligaments, and tendons. Ligaments and tendons fuse the lower end of the femur to the upper end of the tibia.
Now, what are tendons and ligaments? The four ligaments in the knee bind your tibia and femur bone and act like strong ropes. Tendons connect the muscles to the bones which keeps the feet in shape.
A bad landing can lead to excessive stress in tendon tissues and produce inflammation. Badminton players can also encounter this injury because of a change in their footwear and playing surfaces.
Proper rest, applying ice, compression, and elevation can reduce the pain in a few days. After taking all these treatments if the condition doesn’t improve, you need to consult with a doctor.
- Collateral Ligament Injuries
These types of injury are prevalent in sports like badminton where rapid change in movement is must for a competitive contest. So, when a player moves sideways, the ligaments get affected with excessive stress that causes this injury. But this is not very common.
There are two strong ligaments called medial collateral ligament and lateral collateral ligament. They provide stability to both sides of the knee and connect the thigh bone to the lower leg bone. While running, these ligaments can be injured by hitting the ground or any other hard surface.
Injured ligaments are called ‘sprains’ and categorized in three different types. They are based on the following conditions.
A grade 1 sprain refers to mild damage of the ligaments. At this stage, ligaments still provide enough support to go around but you won’t miss out on the pain.
A Grade 2 sprain indicate the loose ligaments which are known as a partial tear of the ligaments.
A grade 3 sprain is the complete ripping of the ligaments. At this stage, the ligaments completely split into two and the foot becomes unstable.
A common treatment is adequate rest, ice, compression, and elevation for grade 1 and 2 but grade 3 needs an expert physiotherapist and proper care.
- Medial Tibial Stress Syndrome (Shin Splints)
Shin splints refer to the inflammation in tissues, tendons, and bones around the edges of the shin bone or tibia. Victims generally feel the pain in their inner border of the bone where muscles are attached to the bone surface.
Over-exercise triggers the risk of having a medial tibial stress syndrome. When the muscles and bone tissues (periosteum) go through excessive stress, they start to swell.
This injury could also happen because of having flatfoot or abnormally rigid arches. Badminton players are at the risk of these injuries as they have to run throughout the field and change their positions promptly.
One of the best options to avoid this injury is to maintain the optimum amount of exercise that an athletic person requires. But you should never forget to rest and have a healthy diet. Use proper footwear while running or exercising to provide enough support to the legs.
General treatment for shin splints is applying ice on the swelling area, take adequate rest. If the pain doesn’t lessen in three or four days, you must consult with a doctor.
- Ankle Sprain
An ankle sprain occurs when the ligaments split as the ankle is stretched more than the ligaments limit. Ligaments are fibrous tissues that stabilize the ankle joint by keeping the bones in proper position. This injury is common in people of all ages.
In badminton, a slow pace is not forgiving. So we always have to be on the move while having the risk of rolling over our ankle. Lateral ligament situated outside the ankle has a higher risk of ankle sprain.
This injury can vary from mild to severe depending on the amount of damage caused to the ligaments. Generally, ankle sprain can be healed with home treatment and adequate rest. An extreme level of ankle sprain needs appropriate medical treatment and rehabilitation to heal completely.
Now, if you are flat feet and love to play badminton, you are going to need a pair of shoes with a comfortable insole. Before starting the game, always do some ankle stressing exercises and warm up to minimize the risk.
- Shoulder Pain
Badminton players have to play swinging and over the head shots repeatedly which creates extremely high stress on the shoulder. Although this injury is very common to the baseball players, a large number of badminton players have to suffer this injury now and then.
Our shoulders are comprised of three parts; the upper arm bone, shoulder blade, and lastly the collarbone. This skeleton structure is called ball and socket joint. Strong tendons and muscles keep the skeleton stable.
When one part becomes weak due to repeated over the head throwing, other parts have to handle the overloaded. It creates the possibility of a wide range of injuries.
Shoulder pain injury can be reduced with proper shoulder-muscle stressing and back muscle strengthening. Applying ice on the injured shoulder can reduce the inflammation while proper rest will restore the body power to continue playing.
- Achilles Tendon Rupture
This is an injury of the lower leg. The Achilles tendon is a fibrous cord that connects the calf muscles to the heel bone. If the tendon is overstressed, it can rupture partially or entirely.
Achilles tendon pulls the heel when the calf muscle flexes. This movement allows us to stand on our toe while walking, running, and jumping.
Jumping and running for extended periods causes this injury. Rupture of the tendon produces a pop sound, followed by immediate sharp pain to the lower part of the leg. It is a serious injury. The victim should immediately go to the hospital after hearing the pop sound.
Various stressing exercises can reduce the possibility of this injury. Choose the surface carefully and increase the intensity of your training slowly with more precautions.
- Back Pain
Back strain is prevalent both in general people and athletes. It has a variety of forms but they are hardly severe.
In Badminton, jumping causes a lot of traction in our back. These activities generally result in inflammation. The symptoms of back pain can vary athlete to athlete. The main reason for this variation lies behind the factors that contribute to the pain.
Physicians prefer regular warming up to avoid this type of injury. Bending and lifting moderate weights is good for the back skeleton that minimizes the possibility of back pain. Maintaining a sound heath also works against this injury.
- Wrist Sprain
Wrist sprain mainly occurs due to change of racket weight and rapid movements of hands to play offensively or defensively in a badminton match.
Victims feel the inflammation when the ligaments are stretched beyond their limits. A wrist sprain is common in badminton and can be defined mild to Severe based on its condition.
Common symptoms are acute pain, swellings, bruising, and touch sensitivity. The victim should see the doctor immediately after these symptoms because this could lead to stiffness or even arthritis in the long run.
- Hamstring Strain
Hamstring is the muscles behind our thigh. This injury occurs when the thigh muscles get into pressure for carrying a large amount of load. In medical term, it is eccentric contractions or stressing of muscles.
The symptom of this injury is acute pain suddenly after the incident. Additional symptoms are swelling for first few hours, weakness in the hamstring, and bruising off the back of the thigh.
Treatment of this injury can vary depending on the severity of the conditions. Following the doctor’s instructions will result in a quick remedy. Proper rest and precise exercise will help you even more.
- Tennis Elbow
Overworking can cause this painful injury which is known as lateral epicondylitis. Playing badminton or other racket sports can cause this condition.
Repetitive motion changes put excessive stress to our tendons around the elbow. For that, the nerves here signal inflammation. Pain can also occur when we perform twisting motions because the tendons control the twisting.
Symptoms of this injury are inflammation or burning of the outer part of the elbow. You may also feel less gripping strength.
Applying ice on the inflamed area can reduce the pain rapidly. Afterward, the victim should take adequate rest to regain full strength. Regular exercise related to the elbow can minimize the possibility of occurring this injury.
Well, now you have some basic idea about common badminton injury and way of minimizing the risk factors.
We hope that you will enjoy badminton more than ever. But if you have to go through the injuries described above, you can follow our instruction.